Of the many tiny animals that share the planet earth with us. However, there are only a few insects that people usually accept as beneficial. The most are regarded as disgusting or frightful. Insects often garner a bad reputation because of their unfamiliar appearance and habits. Honey bees are, maybe the insects with the best public image.
We see them as industrious (busy as a bee) and we appreciate their main product, honey, as setting the standard for all that is ecstatically wonderful and sweet. Honey is only likely because thousands of bees harvest the nectar from flowers converting the sugary liquid to enjoyable honey. And honey bees pollinate a vast variety of food crops.
Honey Bees Types?
In general, bees can be separated into two groups, the bees which are naturally social insects, and the ones which are solitary. All bees collect nectar and pollen and make honey, but the solitary bees make only enough honey for themselves and their progeny. Each mated solitary bee makes a nest with approximately ten brood cells.
The social bees, such as the European honeybee, make large stocks of honey, most of which can be removed without damaging the viability of the hive. Solitary bees make their homes in twigs, in the ground, on adobe walls, in mud, in locations where other animals have already made holes, in wood, cardboard, another material.
Most solitary bees overwinter in their nests and re-emerge in the spring when temperatures and other climatic conditions are appropriate for their spring activity. Almost all the genera of solitary bees are beneficial for fruit crops
Why We Love Honey?
Honey is a healthy food as enthusiast sees honey as an alternative to sugar. Many home remedy proponents extol the use of honey as a cure for various ailments. We even call our loved ones Honey as a term of endearment. The Quran is full of positive references to honey.
The Bible says (the land of milk and honey) and several ancient and modern works refer to bees and honey. Prehistoric cave drawings show people harvesting honey from wild bee colonies and ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics depict early beekeeping activities. With the good and sweet there is a down side people get stung sometimes. Even Winnie the Pooh found that bees could get a little nasty when disturbed.
But, in general, bees and their honey have a long and well-established history of acceptance and respect. In agro forestry techniques such as windbreaks, alley cropping, and riparian buffer strips, tree and shrub species can be selected to favor bee forage. Raising honeybees in forests, windbreaks, tree alleys and riparian buffer strips improves the direct economic return from applying these management techniques.
Honey Bees are Important Pollinators
While honey is nice, the honey bee’s real importance lies in its performance as a pollinator. The value of just the almonds produced in California each year with the help of honey bees is more than twice the value of all the honey produced in the United States in any given year.
The apple and blueberry, watermelon, cantaloupe, cucumber, cranberry and many other crops benefit from bee pollination. More than 100 agricultural crops in the United States are pollinated by bees. About a third of the food Americans eat comes directly from the pollination honey bees perform.
Moreover, heritable behavioral polymorphisms of the honey bee, such as pollen-hoarding, can enhance fruit and seed set by a floral host (e.g. cranberry). But only if more favored pollen hosts are absent or infrequent. Then, honey bees' broad polylactic, flight range, and daily idiosyncrasies in floral fidelity will obscure specific pollen-foraging differences at a given floral host, even among paired colonies in a seemingly uniform agricultural setting. It has been estimated that every third bite of food is dependent, directly or indirectly, on the active pollination of a food plant.
The Killer Bees (AHB)
Some of the tales stated about this bee are incredible. The Africanized honey bee (AHB) or killer bee as it is sometimes called, is said to attack for no good reason. This is a bee that is hard to handle for beekeepers who want to move colonies around to pollinate various crops. Stories suggest that the AHB often invades the unmanaged colonies of normal bees and takes them over in a sort of insect blitzkrieg.
The AHB or killer bee has been depicted in science fiction movies like “The Swarm,” “The Savage Bees” and in the Fox TV movie “Deadly Invasion. The Killer Bee Nightmare, “threatening our lives, our property, and our whole way of life. There is no question this bee is more defensive as well as aggressive to protecting its home and beekeepers and others have gotten stung multiple times in accidents.
Irrespective of myths to the contrary, Africanized honey bees do not fly out in angry swarms to arbitrarily attack unsuccessful victims. Monitoring with bees allows us also to evidence the application of molecules, not permitted under certain circumstances or even forbidden.
Honey Bees Poisoning Symptoms
The most shared symptom of bee poisoning is the appearance of excessive numbers of dead bees in front of the hives. Another common symptom is lack of foraging bees. Ferociousness in bees may be caused by most pesticides. Stupefaction, paralysis, and abnormal activities of bees are usually caused by chlorinated hydrocarbons and organ phosphorus insecticides.
Regurgitation of the honey stomach contents is often caused by poisoning with organo phosphorus insecticides. Bees may perform abnormal communication dances on the horizontal landing board at the hive entrance while under the influence of insecticide poisoning. Disorganized behavior patterns may lead to lack of recognition of affected field bees by guard bees.